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Teething 101

Teething occurs when your child's first set of teeth, or primary teeth, break through the gums. This usually happens at six months but can occur earlier, anywhere from three to 12 months. By the time your child is three, she will have 20 primary teeth. 

Teething causes soreness and swelling in the area where the teeth is breaking through. It can last from three up to five days, and disappears when the tooth has broken the skin. If you're wondering what you can do to ease your child's discomfort, take a look at these ten tips:

  1. Make homemade teething biscuits.
  1. Use a clean toothbrush to rub his gums for two minutes. It helps circulate the blood and minimizes swelling.

  1. Make a popsicle of his favorite fruit and let him eat it when his teeth are bothering him.
  1. Give him kid-friendly (and clean) toys to chew on.
  1. Beef jerky is a fun and tasty way to help your child with teething pains. Just make sure you keep an eye on him so he doesn't swallow or chew too much of it off.
  1. Apply gentle pressure with your clean fingertips on to the swollen areas.

 

  1. Carrots are great for teething kids. Or better yet? A frozen baby carrot!
  1. Frozen objects or foods help numb the sore areas. Freezing a teething ring will be doubly effective in getting rid of your kid's case of the crankies. 
  1. Add a little chamomile tea to your little one's bottle to help soothe and relax him. 

  2. A mild pain reliever like acetaminophen or ibuprofen could help ease his discomfort.

Nursery Must-Haves

If this is your first baby, you (along with countless first-time parents) probably find nursery decorating as both exciting and intimidating. “What are the basic things I need?” and “How can I ensure safety?” are just some of the questions you may be asking yourself while you stare at your baby’s appointed nursery in your house. Don’t fret just yet! Here’s a guide to the top 13 nursery must-haves to include in your shopping list.

 

1. Baby Proofing Supplies

You would want to be ready once baby is moving about. Scout for baby proofing items such as plug socket covers, corner guards, and gate rails while the bun is in the oven and busy days haven't loomed in.

 

 2. Crib

Your crib must meet safety standards such as having slats that are 2 3/8” apart, corner posts about 1/16” in height, no cutouts in the headboard or footboard, and a firm and tight-fitting mattress. You’ll need a waterproof mattress pad, too, for diaper leaks.

Tip:

Expertssuggest that to introduce breastfeeding, babies should room-in with their mommies. A co-sleeper may be the answer if the crib cannot fit in your room.

 

 3. Mobile

A mobile should be educational and proper for the baby’s age. A secure, padded one with a black-and-white design and different shapes work well in stimulating newborns.

 4. Rocking Chair 

You’ll be spending a lot of time in a rocking chair during the early months, as infants find the back-and-forth motion quite soothing. Comfort is a must, so try different chairs before you buy. Opt for one with a locking mechanism for added safety.

 

 5. Changing Pad

Rather than going for a changing table, which may only be beneficial in the first few months, a portable waterproof changing pad is much more functional for your growing child. You can choose the kind that attaches on a dresser or a simple fold-and-go type that can be used anywhere in the house.

 

 6. Diaper Caddy  

When baby needs changing, make sure you have a handy diaper caddy for easy access to diapers, cotton swabs, and wipes. A simple basket or container with a handle can do the trick.

 

 7. Diaper Pail

You’ll be surprised how babies can pack a wallop in those little tummies. Have a diaper pail ready in the nursery to keep the room smelling clean. You can check out a diaper pail with odor control in baby stores. You can also opt for a container with a sealed lid and a scented garbage bag or trashcan deodorizer.

 

 8. Baby Monitor  

You may not need a baby monitor if your child sleeps in your room or if yaya is around all the time. But in some cases, this may come in handy too. If you think you need one, make sure it doesn’t pick up interference from cordless phones, cell phones, and Wi-Fi routers.

 9. Night Light

When the little one needs feeding or changing in the middle of the night, it’s best not to disrupt your baby’s sleep by turning on the light. Check out hardware stores for standard night lights.

 

 10. Bottle Warmer

You don’t have to rush to a microwave once baby fusses for milk. Just place the milk bottle in a bottle warmer to bring it to the right temperature evenly and quickly. This neat gadget can even sterilize pacifiers and other small items.

 11. Padded Mat

Your little munchkin needs daily belly time to exercise those muscles, so go for a padded mat that’s easy to clean and lug around the house.

 

 12. Books

Even while the tot is in the tummy, reading often to your child gives incredible benefits. Make sure books don’t gather dust in the nursery and allot reading time everyday with your baby.

 

 13. MP3 or Music Player

There are numerous researches that support the importance of music to infants. Research also suggests that white noise, the sound of rain, or sounds babies hear inside the womb are helpful in soothing them to sleep

The Whole Nine Months: Your Baby's Growth

Even before you find out you’re pregnant, which is around the sixth week of pregnancy, your baby is busy growing inside of you. Here’s a look at what’s happening in your tummy.

The First Term (Weeks 1 to 12)

The embryo is made up of two layers of cells where body parts and organs form. The brain, spinal cord, and heart develop. After so, its arm and leg buds appear.

On the eighth week, external body structures and major organs begin to develop. The arms and legs are growing with slightly webbed fingers and toes. The eyes appear on the face with eyelids, which will not open until the 28th week. The sex organ is also developing, while the umbilical cord is visible. The heart beats in a regular pattern, and your doctor may allow you to hear it during your ultrasound. 

When the first term ends, the fetus’s muscles and nerves start to be more active. The external sex organ is distinguishable, although doctors wait until the 20th week to confirm the gender. The fetus is about one ounce (28 grams) and three inches long.

 

The Second Term (Weeks 13 to 28)

By the 16th week, your baby’s skeleton continues to harden and muscle tissue forms. The translucent skin covering the body will soon appear opaque. He learns the sucking reflex, and meconium develops in the tummy. 

If you haven’t felt your baby move, which you’ll notice between 16 and 22 weeks, you may sense fluttering by the 20th week. His eyebrows, eyelashes, and nails are in place. The baby is covered in lanugo, or fine hair, and a coating known as vernix to protect his developing skin. This is the best time to read or sing to your child since he can now hear better.

He’s looking more like a baby by the 24th week, with his wrinkly skin smoothening as he stores fat. Hair grows on his head while fingerprints and taste buds form. The baby’s lungs are developed but will not work just yet. He’s learning the startle reflex, and he sleeps and wakes regularly. By the end of the second term, your baby is about one and a half pounds (680 grams) and 12 inches long.

 

The Third Term (Weeks 29 to 40) 

During the third term, you can feel kicks and jabs from your baby. His eyes open and close and even sense light changes. The lungs are fully developed and he looks rounder with fat. He’ll gain about half a pound every week. The bones are completely formed as well.

At 37 weeks, the vernix thickens and the lanugo falls off. As the baby grows, you won’t be feeling forceful movements but rather wiggles and stretches. He’s considered full term and the delivery date is close. By now, your child’s organs are fully functional and he may position himself ‘head-down’ for birth. 

Once you deliver, your baby may range from six pounds (almost three kilograms) to nine pounds (four kilograms) and be 19 to 21 inches long. Remember, though, that healthy babies come in different sizes.

ARCHIVE
2017
May