Your sixth week of pregnancy often comes with excitement and anxiety. At this point, you've only recently found out you're pregnant and are unsure about what comes next. If this is your first time, or if it's been a while since the last time you were pregnant, here are a few things you should expect during your sixth week:
At the present, your baby is the size of a pea, with a heart the size of a poppy seed. His/her arms and legs are slowly forming, and his/her heart is developing (and beating) rapidly.
You're probably experiencing some full-blown pregnancy signs such as frequent urination, breast tenderness, nausea, and a whole slew of delightful symptoms, but thank God you haven't lost your sense of humor!
The hormone hCG increases blood flow to your pelvic area. Your kidneys are more efficient at removing waste, hence the frequent urination, not to mention your uterus will start to move down, putting pressure on your bladder. There will be bloating, some (or a lot) queasiness, and that's just the tip of the iceberg.
Symptom: Frequent urination
What causes it: The amount of blood you have in your body rises considerably when you're pregnant. To be specific, you're carrying 50 percent more than you had before. This leads to more fluid being expelled by your kidney resulting in more frequent trips to the bathroom. The pressure from your uterus moving downwards also affects your bladder.
What you can do: Lean forward when peeing, to completely empty your bladder. Avoid drinks that have a diuretic effect like tea or coffee.
What causes it: Hormonal changes, like the rise in progesterone.
What you can do: Get enough rest, keep hydrated, and make sure you're eating right. Fatigue goes away as you near your second trimester -- but then starts up again during the final leg of your third.
Symptom: Breast tenderness and swelling
What causes it: Increased blood flow and hormonal changes.
What you can do: Find a good bra with extra support. Avoid bras with underwire for now. Go for comfortable, cotton bras with some leeway as your breasts and belly continue to grow.
Symptom: Nausea and vomiting
What causes it: Hormonal changes like the rise in hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) and estrogen. A sensitivity to smell will exacerbate nausea too.
What you can do: Eat small snacks throughout the day, like cheese and crackers, or a good mix of protein and complex carbohydrates. Avoid foods that trigger nausea. Avoid fatty foods that can irritate the stomach. If it's really affecting you, stick to bland foods.
Symptom: Heartburn and indigestion
What causes it: Progesterone relaxes the valve that prevents digestive juices from creeping into the esophagus, resulting in acid reflux and heartburn.
What you can do: Avoid big meals and eat slowly. Chew gum after meals. The gum stimulates the production of saliva that neutralizes the acid in your stomach.
What causes it: The repeat offender, progesterone.
What you can do: Take note of the food that usually affect you, common culprits are: beans, whole grains, vegetables like cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli, or fruits that are high in sugar like apples and pears.